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Zara Ambadar MSc, PhD

    Adjunct Lecturer, MBA

CONTACT INFORMATION

Phone: 412.578.8786
Email: zambadar@carlow.edu

  1. Curiculum Vitae
  2. Publications
  3. Research Interests

Higher Education

PhD (2002) in Cognitive Psychology, University of Pittsburgh.
MSc (1994) in Computer Intelligent Systems, Brunel University, London, UK.
BS (1989) in Psychology Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Positions

Adjunct Faculty, Carlow University (2012-present)
Post-doctoral fellow (2002 - 2010), Affect Analysis Group, Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh.
Graduate Student Researcher (1998 -2002) Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh.
Co-Organizer for the Annual Pitt/CMU Graduate Student conference, 1998
Cognitive Brown Bag organizer, 1996
Graduate Student Teaching Assistant (1995 -1998) Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh.
Assistant Professor (1990 -1993), Department of Psychology, University of Indonesia. 

Journal, Grants and Conference Reviews

Journal of Experimental Psychology-General
Psychiatry Research
Cognition and Emotion
Psychological Science
Journal of Emotion
International Conference of Cognitive Sciences
Steven Manners Grant Application Reviews, the University of Pittsburgh. 

Scholarships, Honors and Awards

Best Poster Award (2007).  XVIth Conference of the International Society for Research on Emotions. Sunshine Coast: Australia.
Co-Investigator with Takeo Kanade, Jeffrey F. Cohn, and Simon Baker (PI and Co-PIs), "Multimodal Analysis of Face and Body Gesture Indicators of Communicative Intent," Naval Resea rch Laboratory, 4/1/05 to 3/31/09. Total costs: $3,178,444.
Ford Foundation Scholarship (1998 and 1999).
Fulbright Scholarship (1994 -1996).
British Chevening Scholarships Awards  (1993).
American Field Service, Student Exchange (1983)


 Professional Affiliations

Sigma Xi, Full Member, The Scientific Research Society.
International Society for Research in Emotion (ISRE).
Association of Psychological Sciences (formerly American Psychological Society).
Indonesian Psychological Association.

Peer-Reviewed Publications

Boker, S. M., Cohn, J. F., Theobald, B. J., Matthews, I., Mangini, M., Spies, J. R., Ambadar, Z., and Brick, T. R. (2011). Something in the way we move: Motion, not perceived sex, influences head movements in conversation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance37(3), 874-891.

Ambadar, Z., Cohn, J.F., & Reed, L.I. (2009). All smiles are not created equal: Morphology and timing of smiles perceived as amused, polite, and embarrassed/nervous. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 33 (1), 17-34.

Messinger, D.S., Cassel, T., Acosta, S., Ambadar, Z., & Cohn, J.F. (2007). Infant Smiling Dynamics and Perceived Positive Emotion. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 32, 133-155.

Geraerts, E., Schooler, J.W., Merckelbach, H., Jelicic, M., Hauer, B.J.A.,& Ambadar, Z. (2007). The reality of recovered memories: corroborating continuous and discontinuous memories of childhood abuse. Psychological Science, 18(7), 564-568.

Slifer, K.J., Pulbrook, V., Amari, A., Vona-Messersmith, N., Cohn, J.F., Ambadar, Z., Beck, M., & Pisczcor, R. (2006).  Social acceptance and facial behavior in children with oral clefts. The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal, 43, 226-236.

Schmidt, K.L., Ambadar, Z., Cohn, J.F., & Reed, L.I. (2006). Movement differences between deliberate and spontaneous facial expressions: Zygomaticus Major action in smiling. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 3(1), 37-52.

Ambadar, Z., Schooler, J. W., & Cohn, J. F. (2005). Deciphering the enigmatic face: The importance of facial dynamics in interpreting subtle facial expressions. Psychological Science,16(5), 403-410.

Bolzani-Dinehart, L., Messinger, D. S., Acosta, S., Cassel, T., Ambadar, Z., & Cohn, J. (2005). Adult perceptions of positive and negative infant emotional expressions. Infancy, 8, 279-303.

Breugelmans, S., Poortinga, Y.H., Ambadar, Z., Setiadi, B., Vaca, J.B., Widiyanto, P., & Phillipot, P. (2005). Body sensations associated with emotions in Rarámuri Indians, Rural Javanese, and three student samples. Emotion. 5(2), 166-174.

Cohn, J. F., Xiao, J., Moriyama, T., Ambadar, Z., & Kanade, T. (2003). Automatic recognition of eye blinking in spontaneously occurring behavior. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, and Computers, 35, 420-428.
 

Manuscripts in preparation

Ambadar, Z., and Cohn, J.F. (2013). The effect of horizontal viewing angle on perception of facial expression. Manuscript in preparation.
 

Published Conference Proceedings

Simon, T. K., De la Torre, F., Ambadar, Z., & Cohn, J. F. (October 2011). Fast-FACS: A computer vision assisted system to increase the speed and reliability of manual FACS coding. HUMAINE Association Conference on Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction, Memphis, Tennesse. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 6974.

Lucey, P., Cohn, J. F., Kanade, T., Saragih, J., Ambadar, Z., & Matthews, I. (2010). The Extended Cohn-Kande Dataset (CK+): A complete facial expression dataset for action unit and emotion specified expression. Paper presented at the Third IEEE Workshop on CVPR for Human Communicative Behavior Analysis (CVPR4HB 2010).

Lucey, P., Howlett, J., Cohn, J. F., Lucey, S., Sridharan, S., & Ambadar, Z. (September 2008). Improving pain recognition through better utilization of temporal information. International Conference on Audio-Visual Speech Processing, Tangalooma, Australia, xxx-xxx.

Ashraf, A.B., Lucey, S., Cohn, J.F., Chen, T., Ambadar, Z., Prkachin, K., Solomon, P., Theobald, B.J. (2007) The painful face: Pain expression recognition using active appearance models. The Ninth International Conference on Multimodal Interface, Nagoya: Japan.

De la Torre, F., Campoy, J., Ambadar, Z., & Cohn, J.F. (2007). Temporal Segmentation of Facial Behavior. International Conference on Computer Vision.

Lucey, S, Matthews, I., Hu, C., Ambadar, Z., De la Torre, F., & Cohn, J.F.(2006). AAM derived face representations for robust facial action recognition. Proceedings of the Seventh IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, Southampton, UK, 155-160.

Valstar, M.F., Pantic, M., Ambadar, Z., & Cohn, J.F. (2006). Spontaneous vs. posed facial behavior: Automatic analysis of brow actions. Proceedings of the ACM International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces, Banff, Canada, 162-170.

Cohn, J.F., Reed, L.I., Ambadar, Z., Xiao, J., & Moriyama, T. (2004). Automatic analysis and recognition of brow actions and head motion in spontaneous facial behavior. Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics. Delft, Netherlands, 210-216.

Cohn, J.F., Reed, L.I., Moriyama, T., Schmidt, K., & Ambadar, Z. (2004). Facial action and head motion coherence in spontaneous smiles by automatic face analysis (AFA). Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, The Hague, Netherlands, p.8.

Cohn, J.F., Reed, L., Moriyama, T., Xiao, J., Schmidt, K., & Ambadar, Z. (2004). Multimodal coordination of facial action, head rotation, and eye motion during spontaneous smiles.  Proceedings of the Sixth IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition (FG'04), Seoul, Korea, 129-138.

Schmidt, K., Ambadar, Z., Reed, L.I., & Cohn, J.F. (2004). Timing characteristics of two different facial signals:  Deliberate and spontaneous smiles. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 123(S38):174.

 Cohn, J.F., Xiao, J., Moriyama, T., Gao, J., Ambadar, Z., & Kanade, T. (Invited, 2002). Action unit recognition in spontaneous facial behavior. Proceedings of the International Conference on Methods and Techniques in Behavioral Research, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 48-50.

Moriyama, T., Kanade, T., Cohn, J.F., Xiao, J., Ambadar, Z., Gao, J., & Imanura, M. (2002).  Automatic recognition of eye blinking in spontaneously occurring behavior. Proceedings of the International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Quebec, Canada , 78-81.

Ambadar, Z. & Wright, M.J. (1994). Perception of facial expressions: Different emotions give different lateral biases. Proceedings of the British Psychological Society, 3(1), December.
 

Book Chapters

Cohn, J. F., & Ambadar, Z., Ekman, P. (2005). Observer-based measurement of facial expression with the Facial Action Coding System. To appear in J.A. Coan & J.B. Allen (Eds.), The handbook of emotion elicitation and assessment. Oxford University Press Series in Affective Science.   New York: Oxford University Press. Paper submitted for publication.

Schooler, J. W., Ambadar, Z., & Bendiksen, M. (1997). A cognitive corroborative case study approach for investigating discovered memories of sexual abuse. In D. Read & S. Lindsay (Eds.). Recollections of Trauma: Scientific Research & Clinical Practices. Series A: Life sciences, Vol. 291. (pp. 379-387). New York: Plenum Press.

 Schooler, J.W., Bendiksen, M., & Ambadar, Z. (1997). Taking the middle line: Can we accommodate both fabricated and recovered memories of sexual abuse? In M.A. Conway (Ed.). False and Recovered Memories. (pp. 251-292). New York: Oxford University Press.
 

Technical Reports

Cohn, J. F., Kanade, T., Moriyama, T., Ambadar, Z., Xiao, J., & Gao, J. (2001). A comparative study of alternative FACS coding algorithms (Technical Report CMU-RI-TR-02-06). Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA: Robotics Institute.


 Invited Presentations

Cohn, J.F., Xiao, J., Moriyama, T., Gao, J., Ambadar, Z., & Kanade, T. (2002, August). Action unit recognition in spontaneous facial behavior. International Conference on Methods and Techniques in Behavioral Research, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
 

Published Abstracts and Conference Presentations

Cohn, J.F., Lucey, P., Ashraf, A., Ambadar, Z., Lucey, S., Solomon, P., & Prkachin, K. (2009, May).The face of pain: Automatic recognition and analysis using computer vision and machine learning. American Psychological Society, San Francisco, CA.

Ambadar, Z., Cohn, J.F., & Reed, L.I. (2007).  All smiles are not created equal: Morphology and Timing of smiles perceived as amused, polite, and embarrassed. XVIth Conference of the International Society for Research on Emotions. Sunshine Coast: Australia.

Ashraf, A.B., Cohn, J.F., Prkachin, K.M., Ambadar, Z., Lucey, S., Solomon, P.E. (2008, August) Automatic detection of pain. 12th World Congress on Pain, Glasgow, Scotland.

Ambadar, Z., & Cohn, J.F. (2007).  The effect of horizontal viewing angle on perception of facial expressions. XVIth Conference of the International Society for Research on Emotions. Sunshine Coast: Australia.

Boker, S., Cohn, J.F., Theobald, B., Lucey, S., Matthews, I., Mangini, M., Spies, J., Villano, M., Brick, T., Ambadar, Z., & Ashenfelter, K. (2006, October). Coordinated motion and facial expression in dyadic interaction. NSF Human and Social Dynamics Principal Investigators Meeting, Washington, DC.

Ibanez, L. V. , Messinger, D. , Ambadar, Z. , Chow, S. M., Cohn, J. and Brewster, R. (2006). Continuous Measurements of Positive Emotional Expressivity in Infant-Mother Interaction. 15th Annual Biennial International Conference on Infant Studies, Westin Miyako, Kyoto, Japan

Ibanez, L.V., Messinger, D.,Brewster, R.C., Ambadar, Z., Cohn, J.F. (2006, June). Automated measurement of infant and mother interactive smiling. 18th Annual Convention of  the Association for Psychological Sciences. New York, NY.

Ibanez, L., Messinger, D., Ambadar, Z., & Cohn, J.F. (2006, June). Automated measurement of infant and mother interactive smiling. International Society for Infant Studies. New York, NY.

Ambadar, Z., Schooler, J.W., & Cohn, J. F. (2004, July). The effect of dynamic display on recognition of facial expressions. The XIII Biannual Conference of International Society for Research on Emotion, New York, NY.

Cohn, J.F., Bartlett, M., Chenu, J., & Ambadar, Z. (2004, July). Digital scoring tools. The XIII Biannual Conference of International Society for Research on Emotion. New York, NY.

Messinger, M., Acosta, S., Cassel, T., Ambadar, Z., & Cohn, J. F. (2004). Automated measurement of infant expressions: Are the dynamics emotional or facial?. The XIII Biannual Conference of International Society for Research on Emotion, New York, NY.

Bolzani-Dinehart, L.H., Acosta, S., Messinger, D.S., Cassel, T., Ambadar, Z., & Cohn, J. F. (2004). Adult perceptions of infant facial expressions: Intensification and dimensional information. The XIII Biannual Conference of International Society for Research on Emotion, New York, NY.

Cassel, T., Messinger D., Ambadar, Z., & Cohn, J.F. (2004). Undergraduate perception of infant smiles:  Automated measurement and ratings of emotional intensity in short video clips. Society for Research in Child Development, Baltimore, MD.

Schmidt, K.L., Ambadar, Z., Reed, I.,& Cohn, J.F. (2004, April). Timing characteristics of two different facial signals: Deliberate and spontaneous smiles. American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Tampa, Florida.

Cassel, T., Messinger, D., Escobar, J., Ambadar, Z., & Cohn, J. F. (2004, April). What causes some infant smiles to be perceived as more positive than others? Contributions of automated measurement and ratings.  International Conference on Infant Studies, Chicago, IL.

Bolzani-Dinehart, L., Messinger, D. S., & Acosta, S., Cassel, T., Ambadar, Z., & Cohn, J. F. (2003, April). A dimensional approach to infant facial expressions. Society for Research in Child Development, Tampa, FL.

Ambadar, Z., & Schooler, J.W. (1996). Recovered memories of non-abuse autobiographical experiences. Trauma and Memory: An International Research Conference. Family Research Laboratory, University of New Hampshire, Durham.

Schooler, J.W., Fiore, S., Melcher, J., & Ambadar, Z. (1996). Verbal overshadowing and the just know/reason distinction: The phenomenology of eyewitness memory. International Conference on Memory, Padua, Italy.

Schooler, J.W., Fiore, S.M., Melcher, J.M. & Ambadar, Z. (1996). Verbal overshadowing and the `Just Know/Reason' distinction. Annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society, November 1996, Chicago.

Ambadar, Z., & Schooler, J.W. (1995). Can language read a face: The effect of verbal overshadowing on perception of facial expression. The XIII Annual Pitt-CMU Graduate Student Conference, Pittsburgh, PA.

Schooler, J.W., Bendiksen, M., & Ambadar, Z. (1995).  A cognitive corroborative case study approach for investigating alleged recovered memories of abuse. The NATO Meeting on Memory and Trauma. Port de Borgenay, France.


Dissertation and Theses

Ambadar, Z. (2002). The effects of motion on perception of facial expressions and face recognition. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Pittsburgh, PA.

Ambadar, Z. (1994). Lateral asymmetry in perception of facial expression. Unpublished master's thesis, Brunel University, London.

Ambadar, Z. (1989). Pengambilan keputusan dalam dilema etik profesi oleh mahasiswa psikologi dan sarjana psikologi Universitas Indonesia [Decision making under professional ethical dilemmas by psychology students and psychologists from the University of Indonesia]. Unpublished bachelor of science's thesis, University of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.



Research Projects and Collaborations

Facial expressions of pain, in collaboration with Dr. Kenneth Prckachin, University of Northern British Columbia, and Dr. Patty Solomon, McMaster University, Canada.

Facial Expression and depression, in collaboration with Dr. Ellen Frank, Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Coordinated motion and facial expression in dyadic conversation, in collaboration with Dr. Steve Boker, University of Virginia, Charlottesville; Dr. Barry-John Theobald, School of Computing Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK, and  Dr. Mike Mangini, University of Notre Dame, Indiana.

Bodily sensations of emotion, in collaboration with Dr. Ype H. Poortinga, Tilburg University, The Netherlands.

Facial behavior in children with oral cleft, in collaboration with Dr. Keith Slifer, Kennedy Krieger Institute.

Infant facial behavior, in collaboration with Dr. Daniel Messinger, University of Miami, Florida.

Spontaneous and posed facial behavior, in collaboration with Dr. Maja Pantic, Imperial College, London, UK.

Recovered memory of abuse, in collaboration with Dr. Jonathan W. Schooler, University of British Columbia, Canada.

Automatic recognition of facial actions, in collaborations with Dr. Takeo Kanade; Dr. Simon Lucey; Dr. Fernando de la Torre, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh.